Procedure
Part A:
Taxonomy

• Answer questions about Taxonomy in Part A of the Lab Report.

Part B:
Cladograms and Binomial Nomenclature.
• Use THIS Cladogram and the information on the correct way to write a scientific name using  binomial nomenclature in the Lab Manual to answer the questions in Part B of Lab 6 Lab Report.

The image shows a cladogram. The image shows a diagonal line from the lower left-hand corner to the upper right-hand corner. Along the diagonal line are circles with traits written in them. Branching off the diagonal line are lines leading to a variety of organisms. The first trait listed at the bottom of the diagonal line is Circular anatomy. The first branch to come off the diagonal line ends with the organism Simple circle. The second trait is Complex circles. The next branch off the diagonal line ends in the organism Pie. The next trait listed is Circles inside circles. The next branch divides with one ending with the organisms Target and the other with the organism Bullseye. The next trait listed is Faces. The next branch ends in the organism Simple face. The next trait listed is mouth. The next branch end in the organism Sad face and the diagonal line ends with Happy face at the top.

Part C:
Diversity & Classifications of Organisms within the Domain Eukarya
• Answer questions about the Domain Eukarya using information in the Lab Manual.
• You will visit the exhibits on the second floor of the S building to view some of the many diverse forms of animal life.
• Using Display Case C locate the specimens shown in Part C of your Lab Report. For each specimen fill in the information requested in the space provided in the Lab Report.
• Notice the incredible morphological variations among the animal species.
• Complete Part C of the Lab Report.

Part D:
Dichotomous Key
• Using the dichotomous key provided below and in the Lab Report, determine the scientific name (be sure to write them correctly) for each butterfly in the lab report. Fill in Table 6.1 in your Lab Report with the scientific name of each butterfly.
• After identifying the scientific name, research and find out the common name. Fill in the Common name column in Table 6.1. Do you think you have you seen any of these butterflies before? State yes or no in the "Have you seen this butterfly" column in Table 6.1.
How to use the Dichotomous key.
• ALWAYS start with question 1, from there you are told to move to another question.
• In this key, if the hind wing edge is smooth you go to question 2. If the hind wing edge is wavy you jump to question 6.
• If you try to take shortcuts you will get the incorrect answer.
• If you have used the dichotomous key correctly than all 6 scientific names in the key will be used only once.
• Use the slides below for help with butterfly anatomy.

Image shows important butterfly anatomy you will need to recognize while using the dichotomous key. Forewings will be at the top of the image, hindwings at the bottom. Stripes are thicker than veins. If the hindwings have a small protrusion extending from them that is a hindwing tail.
Image shows important butterfly anatomy you will need to recognize while using the dichotomous key. Spots are simple, Eye spots contain two or more rings of color. The only butterfly with a color wing border is F.

• Use dichotomous Key below and the images of the butterflies to identify them and answer questions in Part C of Lab 6 Lab Report.

Image reads: Butterfly Dichotomous Key
1.	Hind wing edge: Smooth go to 2 or wavy go to 6.
2.	Patterning: spots go to 3 or No spots Glaucopsyche xerces.
3.	Eyespots: Present Antheraea polyphemus or absent go to 4.
4.	Colored wing border: Wing border Colias philodice or No wing border Go to 5.
5.	Predominate color: White Pierris rapae or Blue Euploea mulciber.
6.	Hind wing: Tail Go to 7 or tailless go to 8.
7.	Fore wing: striped Papilio glaucus or No stripe Papilio Ulysses.
8.	Eyespots: present Go to 9 or absent Go to 11.
9.	Fore wing eyespots: Present Junonia coenia or absent go to 10.
10.	Color: Brown Caligo martia or Yellow and brown Heteronympha banksia.
11.	Patterning: Striped Danaus plexippus or No stripes Morpho MenelausImage shows Butterfly A has a smooth hind wing, has spots, does not have eye spots, does not have a colored wing border and it is predominantly white. 
Butterfly B has a wavy hind wing edge that is tailless, it has no eyespots, and has stripes.
Butterfly C has a smooth hind wing, has spots, does not have eye spots, does not have a colored wing border and it is predominantly blue. 
Butterfly D has a wavy hind wing edge that has a tail, and it has no strips on its fore wing.
Butterfly E has a wavy hind wing edge that has a tail, and it has strips on its fore wing.
Butterfly F has a smooth hind wing, has spots, does not have eye spots, and has a colored wing border.
Butterfly G has a wavy hind wing edge that is tailless, it has eyespots, but the eyespots are not on its fore wing, and it is predominately brown.
Butterfly H has a smooth hind wing and has no spots.
Butterfly I has a wavy hind wing edge that is tailless, it has eyespots, and there are eyespots on the fore wing.
Butterfly J has a wavy hind wing edge that is tailless, it has eyespots, but there are no eyespots on the fore wing and its predominant colors are yellow and brown.
Butterfly K has a smooth hind wing, has spots, and has eye spots.
Butterfly L has a wavy hind wing edge that is tailless, it has no eyespots, and no stripes.

Non-majors College Biology Lab Manual © 2021 by Marie McGovern Ph.D. is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0